Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS), Positive Behavior Support, and the Pyramid Model

Positive Behavior Support (PBS) refers to “an approach to behavior support that includes an ongoing process of research-based assessment, intervention, and data-based decision making focused on building social and other functional competencies, creating supportive contexts, and preventing the occurrence of problem behaviors” (Kincaid et al, in press). It should be regarded as the umbrella or science of behavior intervention that includes PBIS and the Pyramid Model. Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a term that was introduced in the 1997 amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). When PBIS is implemented in the schools, it is referred to as School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports. Program-wide implementation of the Pyramid Model has also been referred to as Program-Wide Positive Behavior Support (PW-PBS) or Early Childhood Positive Behavior Support (EC PBS). All of those terms (e.g., PW-PBS, EC PBS, Pyramid Model) describe a multi-tiered application of PBS in early childhood programs such as public and private preschool programs, public and private child care, and Head Start.


Below are resources that are helpful in explaining and supporting the relationship between PBIS and the Pyramid Model: